Debian-facile

Bienvenue sur Debian-Facile, site d'aide pour les nouveaux utilisateurs de Debian.

Vous n'êtes pas identifié(e).

#1 20-02-2016 23:09:51

avram
Membre
Distrib. : dual boot jessie/testing en 64 bits+xp virtualbox
Noyau : 3.16 et 4.3
(G)UI : xfce
Inscription : 28-01-2016

un clonezilla pratique dans le menu de grub.

Bien pratique de pouvoir lancer clonezilla  sans utiliser un cd,simplement en bootant sur son image iso depuis grub.

J'ai procédé de la manière suivante:

  - téléchargement de la dernière version  clonezilla-live-2.4.5-23-i686-pae.iso (i686 parce que je suis en 32 bits,sinon charger l'iso pour 64 bits)

  -enregistrement de l'iso sur une de mes partitions de données, sdb2, c.à.d hd1,2 ou encore hd1,msdos2 pour utiliser le langage de grub.
En fait il est possible d'enregistrer l'iso sur n'importe quelle autre partition,même la partition racine / ,il suffit de bien nommer la partition sur laquelle sera enregistrée l'iso sachant que la numérotation des disques commence à zéro et celle des partitions commence à un; exemple: sda5= hd0,5=hd0,msdos5  sdb7=hd1,7=hd1,msdos7.

  -modification du fichier /etc/grub.d/40_custom de la manière suivante, à adapter selon la partition où se trouve l'iso:

menuentry "clonezilla-live-2.4.5-23-i686-pae.iso" {
set root="hd1,msdos2"
set isofile="/clonezilla-live-2.4.5-23-i686-pae.iso"
loopback loop (hd1,msdos2)$isofile
linux (loop)/live/vmlinuz  boot=live union=overlay username=user config components quiet noswap edd=on nomodeset nodmraid locales= keyboard-layouts= ocs_live_run="ocs-live-general" ocs_live_extra_param="" ocs_live_batch=no vga=788 ip= net.ifnames=0  nosplash i915.blacklist=yes radeonhd.blacklist=yes nouveau.blacklist=yes vmwgfx.enable_fbdev=1 toram=filesystem.squashfs findiso=$isofile
initrd (loop)/live/initrd.img
}

  -sauvegarder la modification du fichier 40_custom

  -mettre grub à jour à l'aide de la commande:

  #update-grub

Et ainsi clonezilla fera partie du menu de grub et pourra booter depuis ce menu.





Ce qui est important c'est l'option "toram=filesystem.squashfs#  cette option permet à clonezilla de démarrer depuis la ram et non plus depuis la partition où est écrite l'iso , ainsi toutes les partitions présentes sur le disque pourront être sauvegardées.


  -concernant les options de démarrage,elles se trouvent dans le répertoire syslinux/isolinux.cfg  lisible lorsque l'iso est montée.

Hors ligne

#2 13-03-2016 22:22:18

sinozis
Membre
Lieu : Moselle
Distrib. : Debian stable
Inscription : 12-03-2016

Re : un clonezilla pratique dans le menu de grub.

Pour info voici la liste des paramètres de clonezilla live:

Setting the TERM as linux  
 /opt/drbl/sbin/ocs-sr: -h: invalid option  
 Usage:  
 To save or restore image  
 ocs-sr [OPTION] {savedisk|saveparts|restoredisk|restoreparts} IMAGE_NAME DEVICE  
  Options for saving:  
  -fsck-src-part, --fsck-src-part Run fsck interactively on the source file system before saving it.  
  -fsck-src-part-y, --fsck-src-part-y Run fsck automatically on the source file system before saving it. This option will always attempt to fix any detected filesystem corruption automatically. //NOTE// Use this option in caution.  
  -gm, --gen-md5sum  Generate the MD5 checksum for the image. Later you can use -cm|--check-md5sum option to check the image when restoring the image. Note! It might take a lot of time to generate if the image size is large.  
  -gs, --gen-sha1sum Generate the SHA1 checksum for the image. Later you can use -cs|--check-sha1sum option to check the image when restoring the image. Note! It might take a lot of time to generate if the image size is large.  
  -j2, --clone-hidden-data Use dd to clone the image of the data between MBR (1st sector, i.e. 512 bytes) and 1st partition, which might be useful for some recovery tool.  
  -ntfs-ok, --ntfs-ok   Assume the NTFS integrity is OK, do NOT check again (for ntfsclone only)  
  -rm-win-swap-hib, --rm-win-swap-hib Try to remove the MS windows swap file in the source partition.  
  -q, --use-ntfsclone   If the partition to be saved is NTFS, use program ntfsclone instead of partimage (i.e. Priority: ntfsclone > partimage > dd)  
  -q1, --force-to-use-dd  Force to use dd to save partition(s) (inefficient method, very slow, but works for all the file system).  
  -q2, --use-partclone   Use partclone to save partition(s) (i.e. partclone > partimage > dd).  
  -rescue, --rescue Turn on rescue mode, i.e. try to skip bad sectors.  
  -sc, --skip-check-restorable By default Clonezilla will check the image if restorable after it is created. This option allows you to skip that.  
  -z0, --no-compress    Don't compress when saving: very fast but very big image file (NOT compatible with multicast restoring!!!)  
  -z1, --gzip-compress   Compress using gzip when saving: fast and small image file (default)  
  -z1p, --smp-gzip-compress Compress using parallel gzip program (pigz) when saving: fast and small image file, good for multi-core or multi-CPU machine  
  -z2, --bz2-compress   Compress using bzip2 when saving: slow but smallest image file  
  -z2p, --smp-bzip2-compress Compress using parallel bzip2 program (pbzip2) when saving: faster and smallest image file, good for multi-core or multi-CPU machine  
  -z3, --lzo-compress   Compress using lzop when saving: similar to the size by gzip, but faster than gzip.  
  -z4, --lzma-compress   Compress using lzma when saving: slow but smallest image file, faster decompression than bzip2.  
  -z5, --xz-compress    Compress using xz when saving: slow but smallest image file, faster decompression than bzip2.  
  -z5p, --smp-xz-compress Compress using parallel xz when saving: slow but smallest image file, faster decompression than bzip2.  
  -z6, --lzip-compress   Compress using lzip when saving: slow but smallest image file, faster decompression than bzip2.  
  -z6p, --smp-lzip-compress Compress using parallel lzip when saving: slow but smallest image file, faster decompression than bzip2.  
  -z7, --lrzip-compress   Compress using lrzip when saving.  
  -i, --image-size SIZE  Set the split image file volume size SIZE (MB). When ocs-sr is run with -x, the default SIZE is set as 2000, if without -x, we will not split it.  
  Three words are reserved for IMAGE_NAME, "ask_user" is used to let user to input a name when saving an image. "autoname" is used to automatically generate the image name based on network card MAC address and time. "autohostname" is used to automatically generate the image name based on hostname.  
  A word is reserved for DEVICE, "ask_user" could be used to let user to select the source device when saving an image.  
  Options for restoring:  
  -g, --grub-install GRUB_PARTITION   Install grub in the MBR of the disk containing partition GRUB_PARTITION with root grub directory in the same GRUB_PARTITION when restoration finishs, GRUB_PARTITION can be one of "/dev/hda1", "/dev/hda2"... or "auto" ("auto" will let clonezilla detect the grub root partition automatically). If "auto" is assigned, it will work if grub partition and root partition are not in the same partition.  
  -r, --resize-partition  Resize the partition when restoration finishes, this will try to fix the problem when small partition image is restored to larger partition. Warning!!! Use this carefully... Backup your data first  
  -k, --no-fdisk, --no-create-partition  Do NOT create partition in target harddisk. If this option is set, you must make sure there is an existing partition table in the current restored harddisk. Default is to create the partition table.  
  -icrc, --icrc      Skip Partclone CRC checking.  
  -irhr, --irhr      Skip removing the Linux udev hardware records on the restored GNU/Linux.  
  -ius, --ius       Skip updating syslinux-related files on the restored GNU/Linux.  
  -icds, --ignore-chk-dsk-size-pt Skip checking destination disk size before creating the partition table on it. By default it will be checked and if the size is smaller than the source disk, quit.  
  -k1,           Create partition table in the target disk proportionally.  
  -k2,           Enter command line prompt to create partition table manually before restoring image.  
  -t, --no-restore-mbr Do NOT restore the MBR (Mater Boot Record) when restoring image. If this option is set, you must make sure there is an existing MBR in the current restored harddisk. Default is Yes  
  -u, --select-img-in-client Input the image name in clients  
  -e, --load-geometry Force to use the saved CHS (cylinders, heads, sectors) when using sfdisk  
  -e1, --change-geometry NTFS-BOOT-PARTITION Force to change the CHS (cylinders, heads, sectors) value of NTFS boot partitoin after image is restored. NTFS-BOOT-PARTITION can be one of "/dev/hda1", "/dev/hda2"... or "auto" ("auto" will let clonezilla detect the NTFS boot partition automatically)  
  -e2, --load-geometry-from-edd Force to use the CHS (cylinders, heads, sectors) from EDD (Enhanced Disk Device) when creating partition table by sfdisk  
  -y, -y0, --always-restore, --always-restore-default-local Let Clonezilla server as restore server, i.e. client will always has restore mode to choose (However default mode in PXE menu is local boot)  
  -y1, --always-restore-default-clone Let Clonezilla server as restore server, i.e. client will always has restore mode to choose (The default mode in PXE menu is clone, so if client boots, it will enter clone always, i.e. clone forever)  
  -j, --create-part-by-sfdisk Use sfdisk to create partition table instead of using dd to dump the partition table from saved image (This is default)  
  -j0, --create-part-by-dd Use dd to dump the partition table from saved image instead of sfdisk. ///Note/// This does NOT work when logical drives exist.  
  -j1, --dump-mbr-in-the-end Use dd to dump the MBR (total 512 bytes, i.e. 446 bytes (executable code area) + 64 bytes (table of primary partitions) + 2 bytes (MBR signature; # 0xAA55) = 512 bytes) after disk image was restored. This is an insurance for some hard drive has different numbers of cylinder, head and sector between image was saved and restored.  
  -j2, --clone-hidden-data Use dd to clone the image of the data between MBR (1st sector, i.e. 512 bytes) and 1st partition, which might be useful for some recovery tool.  
  -hn0 PREFIX   Change the hostname of M$ Windows based on the combination of hostname prefix and IP address, i.e. PREFIX-IP  
  -hn1 PREFIX   Change the hostname of M$ Windows based on the combination of hostname prefix and NIC MAC address, i.e. PREFIX-MAC  
  --max-time-to-wait TIME  When not enough clients have connected (but at least one), start anyways when TIME seconds since first client connection have pased. This option is used with --clients-to-wait  
  -cm, --check-md5sum  Check the MD5 checksum for the image. To use this option, you must enable -gm|--gen-md5sum option when the image is saved. Note! It might take a lot of time to check if the image size is large.  
  -cs, --check-sha1sum Check the SHA1 checksum for the image. To use this option, you must enable -gs|--gen-sha1sum option when the image is saved. Note! It might take a lot of time to check if the image size is large.  
  --mcast-port  NO   Assign the udp port number for multicast restore. This is used by clonezilla server. Normally it's not necessary to manually assign this option.  
  A word is reserved for IMAGE_NAME, "ask_user" is used to let user to input a name when saving an image.  
  A word is reserved for DEVICE, "ask_user" could be used to let user to select the source device when saving an image.  
  General options:  
 -l, --language INDEX Set the language to be shown by index number:  
     [0|en_US.UTF-8]: English,  
     [1|zh_TW.BIG5]: Traditional Chinese (Big5) - Taiwan,  
     [2|zh_TW.UTF-8]: Traditional Chinese (UTF-8, Unicode) - Taiwan  
     [a|ask]: Prompt to ask the language index  
  -b, -batch, --batch   (DANGEROUS!) Run program in batch mode, i.e. without any prompt or wait for pressing enter key. //NOTE// You have to use '-batch' instead of '-b' when you want to use it in the boot parameters. Otherwise the program init on system will honor '-b', too.  
  -c, --confirm      Wait for confirmation before saving or restoring  
  -d, --debug-mode     Enter command mode to debug before saving/restoring  
  --debug=LEVEL      Output the partimage debug log in directory /var/log/ with debug LEVEL (0,1,2... default=0)  
  -m, --module MODULE   Force to load kernel module MODULE, this is useful when some SCSI device is not detected. NOTE! Use only one module, more than one may cause parsing problem.  
  -o0, --run-prerun-dir  Run the script in the direcoty /opt/drbl/share/ocs/postrun before clone is started. The command will be run before MBR is created or saved.  
  -o1, -o, --run-postrun-dir  Run the script in the direcoty /opt/drbl/share/ocs/postrun when clone is finished. The command will be run before that assigned in -p or --postaction.  
  -w, --wait-time TIME   Wait for TIME secs before saving/restoring  
  --nogui         Do not show GUI of partimage, use text only  
  -a, --no-force-dma-on  Do not force to turn on HD DMA  
  -mp, --mount-point MOUNT_POINT Use NFS to mount MOUNT_POINT as directory ocsroot (ocsroot is assigned in drbl.conf)  
  -or, --ocsroot DIR    Specify DIR (absolute path) as directory ocsroot (i.e. overwrite the ocsroot assigned in drbl.conf)  
  -p, --postaction [choose|poweroff|reboot|command|CMD]   When save/restoration finishs, choose action in the client, poweroff, reboot (default), in command prompt or run CMD  
  -ns, --ntfs-progress-in-image-dir Save the ntfsclone progress tmp file in the image dir so that if cloning is in DRBL client, the progress can be check in the server (Default in to be put in local /tmp/, which is local tmpfs).  
  -um, --user-mode [beginner|expert]   Specify the mode to use. If not specified, default mode is for a beginner.  
  -v, --verbose      Prints verbose information  
  -d0, --dialog     Use dialog  
  -d1, --Xdialog    Use Xdialog  
  -d2, --whiptail    Use whiptail  
  -d3, --gdialog    Use gdialog  
  -d4, --kdialog    Use kdialog  
  -x, --interactive   Interactive mode to save or restore.  
 Example:  
   To save or restore image in client (Only that DRBL client will join, and its local partitions is NOT mounted). NOTE!!! You should run the command in DRBL client or you have to make sure the target device is NOT busy!.  
   To save all the data in local first IDE harddrive 'hda' as image 'IMAGE1', use ntfsclone instead of partimage, and lzop compression (NOTE!!! You should run the command in DRBL client or make sure hda is NOT busy/mounted!):  
   ocs-sr --use-ntfsclone -z3 savedisk IMAGE1 hda  
   To save the data in first and second partitions in local first IDE harddrive 'hda' as image 'IMAGE2', use ntfsclone instead of partimage, and lzop compression (NOTE!!! You should run the command in DRBL client, or make sure hda is NOT busy/mounted!):  
   ocs-sr --use-ntfsclone -z3 saveparts IMAGE2 "hda1 hda2"  
   To restore image IMAGE1 to local hda. grub-install will be run after cloning (image IMAGE1 is already in DRBL server. NOTE!!! You should run the command in DRBL client or make sure hda is NOT busy/mounted!):  
   ocs-sr -g auto restoredisk IMAGE1 hda  
   To restore image first and second partitions from IMAGE2 to local hda1 and hda2. grub-install will be run after cloning (image IMAGE2 is already in DRBL server. NOTE!!! You should run the command in DRBL client or make sure hda is NOT busy/mounted!):  
   ocs-sr -g auto restoreparts IMAGE2 "hda1 hda2"  
   To save disk(s)/partitition(s) as an image or restore an image to disk(s)/partitition(s) interactively, use:  
   ocs-sr -x



Je l'utilise sur mon PXE
Mon menu:

MENU TITLE CLONEZILLA
MENU SEPARATOR
LABEL clonezilla Live
      MENU LABEL Clonezilla LIVE
      TEXT HELP
      Clonezilla LIVE Standard
      ENDTEXT
      KERNEL imgs/clz/vmlinuz
      APPEND initrd=imgs/clz/initrd.img boot=live live-config noswap nolocales edd=on nomodeset ocs_live_run="ocs-live-general" ocs_live_extra_param="" keyboard-layouts=fr locales=fr_FR.UTF-8 ocs_live_batch="no" vga=788 nosplash fetch=tftp://192.168.1.1/imgs/clz/filesystem.squashfs
LABEL clonezilla live point de montage serveur
      MENU LABEL Clonezilla LIVE monte sur serveur
      TEXT HELP
      point de montage /192.168.1.1/2To_NoRaid/clz/Live
      dans le menu choix de montage clonezilla choisir skip
      ENDTEXT
      KERNEL imgs/clz/vmlinuz
      APPEND initrd=imgs/clz/initrd.img boot=live live-config noswap nolocales edd=on nomodeset ocs_live_run="ocs-live-general" ocs_live_extra_param="" ocs_prerun1="dhclient -v eth0" ocs_prerun2="sleep 2" ocs_prerun3="mount -t cifs -o user=isguest,password=npwd //192.168.1.1/2To_NoRaid/clz/Live /home/partimag" ocs_prerun4="sleep 2" keyboard-layouts=fr locales=fr_FR.UTF-8 ocs_live_batch="no" vga=788 nosplash fetch=tftp://192.168.1.1/imgs/clz/filesystem.squashfs
MENU SEPARATOR
LABEL barre
      MENU LABEL ---------------------RESTORE----------------------------
MENU SEPARATOR
LABEL clonezilla RESTORE auto partition C (TOSH)
      MENU LABEL clonezilla RESTORE auto partition C (TOSH)
      TEXT HELP
      Restaure depuis //192.168.1.1/2To_NoRaid/clz/last_tosh_c
      ENDTEXT
      KERNEL imgs/clz/vmlinuz
      APPEND initrd=imgs/clz/initrd.img boot=live config noswap nolocales edd=on nomodeset noprompt ocs_live_run="ocs-sr -b -e1 auto -e2 -r -j2 -k -p reboot restoreparts last_tosh_c sda1" ocs_live_extra_param="" ocs_prerun1="dhclient -v eth0" ocs_prerun2="sleep 2" ocs_prerun3="mount -t cifs -o user=isguest,password=npwd //192.168.1.1/2To_NoRaid/clz /home/partimag" ocs_prerun4="sleep 2" keyboard-layouts=fr locales=fr_FR.UTF-8 ocs_live_batch="no" vga=788 nosplash fetch=tftp://192.168.1.1/imgs/clz/filesystem.squashfs ethdevice-timeout=30
LABEL clonezilla RESTORE auto DISQUE COMPLET (TOSH 320go)
      MENU LABEL clonezilla RESTORE auto DISQUE COMPLET (TOSH 320go)
      TEXT HELP
      Restaure depuis //192.168.1.1/2To_NoRaid/clz/last_tosh_full
      ENDTEXT
      KERNEL imgs/clz/vmlinuz
      APPEND initrd=imgs/clz/initrd.img boot=live config noswap nolocales edd=on nomodeset noprompt ocs_live_run="ocs-sr -b -g auto -e1 auto -e2 -r -j2 -p reboot restoredisk last_tosh_full sda" ocs_live_extra_param="" ocs_prerun1="dhclient -v eth0" ocs_prerun2="sleep 2" ocs_prerun3="mount -t cifs -o user=isguest,password=npwd //192.168.1.1/2To_NoRaid/clz /home/partimag" ocs_prerun4="sleep 2" keyboard-layouts=fr locales=fr_FR.UTF-8 ocs_live_batch="no" vga=788 nosplash fetch=tftp://192.168.1.1/imgs/clz/filesystem.squashfs ethdevice-timeout=30
MENU SEPARATOR
LABEL barre
      MENU LABEL ----------------------SAVE------------------------------
MENU SEPARATOR
LABEL clonezilla SAVE auto partition C (TOSH)
      MENU LABEL clonezilla SAVE auto partition C (TOSH)
      TEXT HELP
      Sauve dans //192.168.1.1/2To_NoRaid/clz/last_tosh_c
      ENDTEXT
      KERNEL imgs/clz/vmlinuz
      APPEND initrd=imgs/clz/initrd.img boot=live config noswap nolocales edd=on nomodeset noprompt ocs_live_run="ocs-sr -q2 -j2 -z1p -p choose saveparts last_tosh_c sda1" ocs_live_extra_param="" ocs_prerun1="dhclient -v eth0" ocs_prerun2="mount -t cifs -o user=isguest,password=npwd //192.168.1.1/2To_NoRaid/clz /home/partimag" ocs_prerun3="chmod 777 /home/partimag/choix.sh" ocs_prerun4="/home/partimag/choix.sh" keyboard-layouts=fr locales=fr_FR.UTF-8 ocs_live_batch="no" vga=788 nosplash fetch=tftp://192.168.1.1/imgs/clz/filesystem.squashfs
LABEL clonezilla SAVE auto DISQUE COMPLET (TOSH 320go)
      MENU LABEL clonezilla SAVE auto DISQUE COMPLET (TOSH 320go)
      TEXT HELP
      Sauve dans //192.168.1.1/2To_NoRaid/clz/last_tosh_full
      ENDTEXT
      KERNEL imgs/clz/vmlinuz
      APPEND initrd=imgs/clz/initrd.img boot=live config noswap nolocales edd=on nomodeset noprompt ocs_live_run="ocs-sr -q2 -j2 -z1p -p choose savedisk last_tosh_full sda" ocs_live_extra_param="" ocs_prerun1="dhclient -v eth0" ocs_prerun2="mount -t cifs -o user=isguest,password=npwd //192.168.1.1/2To_NoRaid/clz /home/partimag" ocs_prerun3="chmod 777 /home/partimag/choix.sh" ocs_prerun4="/home/partimag/choix.sh" keyboard-layouts=fr locales=fr_FR.UTF-8 ocs_live_batch="no" vga=788 nosplash fetch=tftp://192.168.1.1/imgs/clz/filesystem.squashfs
MENU SEPARATOR
LABEL Retour Menu
      MENU LABEL <- Retour Menu
      KERNEL vesamenu.c32
      APPEND menuconf/design.conf ~



un bon gros pavé wink


Je résiste à tout sauf à la tentation.......

Hors ligne

Pied de page des forums